The small intestine and connects the stomach colon. It mostly happens digestion.
The process of digestion begins in the upper part of the small intestine from the pylorus and ends at the iliac-cecal (ileocecal) valve at the crossing of the small intestine into the large.
Malignant small intestine tumors and diagnosis of symptoms.
Malignant tumors of the small intestine are less common than cancers of other organs of the digestive system: the gall bladder, colon, stomach, etc.
Time to diagnose the disease is very difficult.
For the presence of cancer in the small intestine may indicate: abdominal pain, constipation, fever and sudden weight loss, etc.
For diagnosing small bowel cancer patients are given barium sulfate for x-rays.
Etiology and pathogenesis. Risk factors.
The etiology of tumors of the small intestine so far been little studied. Some importance in their development given the character of the power of traumatization of the mucosa, the presence of inflammatory processes.
For diseases in which there is an increased risk of developing cancer of the small intestine, colon refers adenomatous polyposis, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, gluten sensitive.
Speaking about the varieties of cancer of the small intestine, we are talking primarily about adenokartsenome small intestine .Chasche all this tumor is localized in the duodenum. Thus, patients are advised to periodically endoscopic examinations of the gastrointestinal tract. Upon detection of any pathology in the area periampulyarnoy polyps and duodenal biopsy should be performed.
The risk of developing lymphoma is higher in patients with congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, including AIDS patients, organ transplant, chemotherapy of malignant tumors and patients with systemic vasculitis, connective tissue, nodular lymphoid hyperplasia, cancer, celiac disease, as well as in persons exposed to ionizing radiation. You can diagnose lymphoma by biopsy.
Mediterranean lymphoma – a tumor affecting young people in those parts of the world where common intestinal parasites (the Mediterranean, Asia, South America).
Another type of cancer is leymosarkoma. LMS – is rarely found a malignant tumor that develops from smooth muscle tissue.
Most often develop in the uterus, stomach, small intestine, bladder, skin.
In addition to malignant and benign tumors exist. They are divided into: